The Vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) is one of the two wild South American camelids which live in the high alpine areas of the Andes, the other being the guanaco. Vicuñas produce small amounts of extremely fine wool, which is very expensive because the animal can only be shorn every three years and has to be caught from the wild. The Vicuña is the national animal of Peru and appears in the Peruvian coat of arms.
Vicuñas are native to the central Andes in South America. They are found in Peru, northwestern Argentina, Bolivia, and northern Chile. Vicuñas live at altitudes of 3,200 to 4,800 m. They feed in the daytime on the grassy plains of the Andes Mountains but spend the nights on the slopes.