Bird Families of the World

Rufous Hornero

Ovenbirds form one of the three mega-diverse families of Neotropical passerines, that occupy nearly all habitats from Mexico and Central to southern South  America.  They run on the ground and along branches, climb tree trunks, and burrow in the ground. Their plumage may be the one aspect that allows some generalization, looking at their common names of which many include the terms rufous, rusty, ruddy, or russet.

The family is Furnariidae.

There are 304 species placed in 69 genera.

So far I have photographed 65 different species. In case I photographed the male and the female I have added a photograph of both.

See below the groups of which I photographed at least two specie. At the end, I have placed "Various".  Here you will find a collection of genera with only one species photographed. To make it easier you can find the genus name combined with the species name (visible when displaying the photograph)

Click on one of the thumbnails below to see a bigger photograph.

Updated 11/04/2020



Canasteros and thistletails are small passerine birds of South America.  The name "canastero" comes from Spanish and means "basket-maker", referring to the large, domed nests these species make of sticks or grass. They feed on insects and other invertebrates.

with species in the genera

Asthenes with 28 species (7)
Pseudasthenes with 4 species




There are about a dozen species distributed across the southern and Andean regions of South America.

With species in the genus:

Cinclodes with 15 species (9)




with species in the genera

Anabazenops with 2 species
Philydor with 7 species (1)
Anabacerthia with 5 species (1)
Syndactyla with 8 species
Clibanornis with 5 species
Automolus with 9 species




Horneros are brown birds with rather short tails and fairly long bills. They are known for building mud nests that resemble old wood-fired ovens (the Spanish word "hornero" comes from horno, meaning "oven"). These nests have a unique chambered construction.

With species in the genus:

Furnarius with 6 species (4)




They are known as miners due to the tunnels they dig for nesting.  They inhabit open country in South America, particularly the Andean and Patagonian regions.

With species in the genus:

Geositta with 11 species (4)




with species in the genera:

Hellmayrea with 1 specie
Cranioleuca with 19 species (1)
Certhiaxis with 2 species (1)
Mazaria with 1 specie
Schoeniophylax with 1 specie
Synallaxis with 35 species (4)




Thornbirds are found in woodland, shrubland and grassland, often near water, in South America.

with species in the genus:

Phacellodomus with 9 species (2)




Woodcreepers are generally brownish birds, maintaining an upright vertical posture, supported by their specialized stiff tails.
They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. Woodcreepers are arboreal cavity-nesting birds.
These birds can be difficult to identify in that they tend to have similar brown upperparts, and the more distinctive underparts are hard to see. The bill shape, shape, spots/streaks, and call are useful aids to determining species.

with species in the genera:

Certhiasomus with 1 specie
Sittasomus with 1 specie (1)
Deconychura with 1 specie (1)
Dendrocincla with 6 species (1)
Glyphorynchus with 1 specie (1)
Dendrexetastes with 1 specie (1)
Nasica with 1 specie (1)
Dendrocolaptes with 5 species (3)
Hylexetastes with 2 species
Xiphocolaptes with 4 species (3)
Xiphorhynchus with 13 species (5)
Dendroplex with 2 species (1)
Campylorhamphus with 4 species (1)
Drymotoxeres with 1 specie
Drymornis with 1 specie
Lepidocolaptes with 12 species (4)


Various Ovenbirds

with a specie in the genera:

Sclerurus with 6 species (1)
Xenops with 3 species (1)
Berlepschia with 1 specie (1)
Phleocryptes with 1 specie (1)
Leptasthenura with 1 specie (1)
Pseudoseisura with 1 specie (1)
Ochetorhynchus with 4 species (1)
Margarornis with 4 species (1)
Aphrastura with 2 species(1)